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  • Section 40-18-2, Code of Alabama 1975, imposes a tax on every nonresident individual receiving income from property owned or business transacted in Alabama. Also, Section 40-18-14 states that the taxable income of a nonresident individual includes only income from property owned or business transacted in Alabama. An installment note, held by someone who is not in the business of holding installment notes, derived from the sale of investment real property or rental real property by a nonresident individual, would be intangible property that was acquired as income from property held in this state or as a result of business done in this state. “Business income” is defined in Section 40-27-1, Code of Alabama 1975, as income arising from transactions and activities in the regular course of the taxpayer’s trade or business and includes income from tangible and intangible property if the acquisition, management, and disposition of the property constitute integral parts of the taxpayer’s regular trade of business operations. Accordingly, interest that is attributable to the installment note in this situation is taxable for Alabama purposes. Is the interest from the installment note subject to the withholding requirements of Section 40-18-86, Code of Alabama 1975?

Section 40-18-2, Code of Alabama 1975, imposes a tax on every nonresident individual receiving income from property owned or business transacted in Alabama. Also, Section 40-18-14 states that the taxable income of a nonresident individual includes only income from property owned or business transacted in Alabama. An installment note, held by someone who is not in the business of holding installment notes, derived from the sale of investment real property or rental real property by a nonresident individual, would be intangible property that was acquired as income from property held in this state or as a result of business done in this state. “Business income” is defined in Section 40-27-1, Code of Alabama 1975, as income arising from transactions and activities in the regular course of the taxpayer’s trade or business and includes income from tangible and intangible property if the acquisition, management, and disposition of the property constitute integral parts of the taxpayer’s regular trade of business operations. Accordingly, interest that is attributable to the installment note in this situation is taxable for Alabama purposes. Is the interest from the installment note subject to the withholding requirements of Section 40-18-86, Code of Alabama 1975?

No. It is not subject to the withholding requirements of Section 40-18-86. However, if the buyer and seller agree, the buyer may withhold on the interest.

Related FAQs in Income Tax, Withholding on Sales/Transfers of Real Property and Associated Tangible Personal Property by Nonresidents

The ONE SPOT system will allow returns to be filed with ACH Debit and ACH Credit method payments only. The system will not allow an ACH Debit taxpayer to complete their return filing without completing the necessary information to authorize the ACH Debit payment. The ACH Credit payment is separate from the ONE SPOT system and must be initiated by the taxpayer through their banking institution. Returns successfully submitted for ACH Debit and ACH Credit taxpayers will be exported to the local government.

Upon the completion of the Third Party Designation Form, ALDOR can provide the returns, payments and payment data files to the authorized third party administrator.

When an electronic payment is received by ALDOR in error, the payment will post to the taxpayer’s ALDOR local tax account. ALDOR will not be able to automatically transfer these payments to the non-administered local government due to the possibility the taxpayer’s payment will reject after ALDOR has transferred the payment, causing complicated collection issues. ALDOR will need the taxpayer to advise the Department with what to do with that payment.

The only non-administered local government taxes to be processed through ALDOR will be payments received as the result of legal action, such as final assessment, garnishments, and liens, entered into when the local government was state administered. Payment data for these payments will be available during the first week (5-10 working days) of the month following the tax collection period through the ALDOR website.