A lien is a claim that is usually recorded, against a piece of property or against an owner, in order to satisfy a debt or other obligation. The purpose of the lien is to enable the lienholder or creditor to institute an action to foreclose his lien. This means that the property can be sold by the creditor. The proceeds of the sale will be used to satisfy the debt. The proceeds of the sale, after the debt is satisfied, is paid to the former owner. In the case of a tax lien, the lien is recorded in the county in which the property is located.
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Once the lien has arisen, it will continue until the liability for the amount assessed is satisfied, released or becomes unenforceable by reason of lapse of time (i.e. 10 years from the date the lien is filed) (Code Sections 40-1-2, 40-29-20, and 49-29-21).
No. A surety bond is not required at the time you receive the Final Assessment. However, if a sales tax balance remains due at the time the Final Assessment is no longer subject to appeal, you will be deemed non-compliant and be required to purchase and maintain a one-time surety bond for a two-year period. Pursuant to Section 40-23-6(c) (1), Code of Alabama 1975, as amended, the surety bond shall be in the amount of the actual sales tax liability for the three months immediately preceding the non-compliant period, but not less than twenty-five thousand dollars ($25,000). The Sales Tax Surety Bond (S&U:BOND) and Instructions for Executing the Sales Tax Surety Bond (S&U:BOND Inst) may be found on the Department of Revenue website at: alador.wpengine.com/forms.
In Peiffer v. Alabama Department of Revenue, 126 Bankr. 364 (1991), the Bankruptcy Court held that the Alabama sales tax constitutes a “trust fund” tax and as such is not dischargeable in bankruptcy pursuant to 11 U.S.C. Section 507(a)(7)(c). A “trust fund” tax is a tax which is levied directly on the consumer and required to be collected by the merchant and reported to the state.
A tax lien is effective against other creditors after a Notice thereof has been filed by the Department of Revenue or other agency of the state or county in the office of the Judge of Probate of the county in which such property, real or personal, is located. (Section 40-1-2(b))
The Department may, at any time, release all or any portion of the property subject to the lien from the lien or subordinate the lien to other liens if it determines that the taxes are sufficiently secured by a lien on other property of the taxpayer or that the release or subordination of the lien will not endanger or jeopardize the collection of such taxes. A certificate by the Department to the effect that any property has been released from the lien or that such lien has been subordinated to other liens is conclusive evidence that the property has been released or that the lien has been subordinated as provided in the certificate. If any lien imposed by Sections 40-1-2 and 40-29-20 has been satisfied and a Notice of the Lien had been recorded by the Department pursuant to Section 40-1-2(c), the Department shall issue a release of the lien (40-1-2(d)) to the person against whom the lien was claimed. The Department shall record the lien release in any county where the original lien was recorded and in the office of the Secretary of State if applicable.
By filing a Notice of Tax Lien, the Department is notifying the public that the state has a claim against your client’s property, including property that may be acquired after the date the lien is filed. A lien may harm your client’s credit rating. A lien was recorded because your client had neglected or refused to pay taxes owed to the Department of Revenue. (See Code Sections 40-1-2 and 40-29-20.)