What kind of tax is this? Sales tax? Real estate transfer tax?
No, this is neither a sales tax nor a real estate transfer tax. It is income tax withholding. The principle is similar to income tax withholding by employers. The buyer withholds Alabama income tax from the payment to the nonresident seller. The buyer is responsible for providing the seller with a copy of Form WNR and Form WNR-V. The seller will attach a copy of Form WNR to the appropriate Alabama income tax return to claim credit for the taxes paid. The taxes withheld and remitted by the buyer to the Alabama Department of Revenue will be considered as an estimated tax payment made on behalf of the seller.
Related FAQs in Income Tax, Withholding on Sales/Transfers of Real Property and Associated Tangible Personal Property by Nonresidents
The ONE SPOT system will allow returns to be filed with ACH Debit and ACH Credit method payments only. The system will not allow an ACH Debit taxpayer to complete their return filing without completing the necessary information to authorize the ACH Debit payment. The ACH Credit payment is separate from the ONE SPOT system and must be initiated by the taxpayer through their banking institution. Returns successfully submitted for ACH Debit and ACH Credit taxpayers will be exported to the local government.
When an electronic payment is received by ALDOR in error, the payment will post to the taxpayer’s ALDOR local tax account. ALDOR will not be able to automatically transfer these payments to the non-administered local government due to the possibility the taxpayer’s payment will reject after ALDOR has transferred the payment, causing complicated collection issues. ALDOR will need the taxpayer to advise the Department with what to do with that payment.
The only non-administered local government taxes to be processed through ALDOR will be payments received as the result of legal action, such as final assessment, garnishments, and liens, entered into when the local government was state administered. Payment data for these payments will be available during the first week (5-10 working days) of the month following the tax collection period through the ALDOR website.